With his friend Matisse, Andre Derain was one of the leaders of the Fauvism movement. He met Matisse in Carriere's studio, and Matisse it was who persuaded Derain's parents t allow him to become a painter. The influence of Matisse on his early work is obvious, especially in his use of bright colours. They were also painted in a pointillist technique.
Other influences on his work were Maurice de Vlaminck (they shared a studio in 1900), van Gogh, and Cezanne.
When Fauvism petered out, he became more traditionalist and evolved a style for landscape and still life based on browns and olive greens.
He was also a successful portrait painter.
Les Fauves translates as the wild beasts, referring to use of wild color and flat planes.
His most famous works are the London paintings. These came about when in 1906 the art dealer Ambroise Vollard sent him to London to complete a seres of pictures of the city. He completed 30 paintings in all, 29 of which still survive.
Among the books he illustrated or supplied work for were Apollinaire's poetry book , L'enchanteur pourrissant, a book of poetry by Max Jocob,
and André Breton's first book, Mont de Piete.
For a time he lived in Montmartre.
Among his friends was Picasso.
He created many ballet designs.
In 1928, awarded the Carnegie Prize.
Was favoured by the Nazis when they occupied Paris during the 2nd World War and accepted an invitation to make an official visit to Germany in 1941.
- Paris (Mus. d'Art Mod.)
- Cleveland Ohio
- London (Tate)
- Manchester (Rutherston)
- New York (M of MA)
- Washington (NG)
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