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  • BOTH, Andries and Jan
    Andries Both c.1612-41
    Jan Both c.1618-52






    Artists



  • Andries and Jan Both were Utrecht painters who, according to Sandrart, worked together, with Andries painting the figures in Jan's landscapes, until one day Andries fell into a canal in Venice on his way home from a party. Andries and Jan were in Rome by 1635, and both were there in 1639-41. Jan returned to Utrecht after his brother's death.

    No joint works are known which can be recognized as having figures by Andries, and it is difficult to date any of Jan's landscapes before 1641: signed works by Andries such as Boors Carousing (1634: Utrecht) or the Card Players (Amsterdam, Rijkmus.) show Andries as a painter of bambocciate in a style closer to Brower than to his brother's idyllic landscapes.

    Jan was deeply influenced by the works of Claude in the period 1638-41. He became one of the leading Italianizers, and, like his chief rival, Berchem, painted Claudian landscapes with a golden light falling on the picturesque peasantry. The treatment of light in Cuyp's work owes much to him. Both brothers were pupils of the Utrecht Mannerist Bloemaert, and in their several ways they show the new direction taken by Dutch painting in the 17th century.

    Jan is represented in most older galleries; there are typical works in Amsterdam, Detroit, Edinburgh, Indianapolis, London (NG, Wallace Coll., Dulwich), Toledo Ohio and Worcester Mass.

  • Source: The Penguin Dictionary of Art and Artists (Penguin Reference Books)

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