- Known as: Folk and naïve (primitive) artist
- Born: April 4, 1780, Attelborough (now Langhorne), Bucks, PA., US
- Date of death: August 23, 1849, Newtown, PA.
- Buried: Newtown
One of the reasons Edward Hicks is the most famous naive painter of the New World is that unlike many other painters of that period, he left behind a description of his life.
He worked as an apprentice to a wheelright between the ages of 13 and 20. Then, suddenly, and for reasons we know not what, he switched to painting for a living. Self-taught the rudiments of painting, he created his 'specialities': shop signs, signposts, carriages etc..
Hicks became a Quaker and a preacher after an illness. At the same time, to support himself, he continued his commercial painting.
In his memoirs, he reveals a close relationship between the spiritual world of Quakerism and his paintings.
- Edward Hicks painted around 122 pictures in all
- The various versions of his most famous painting, Peaceable Kingdom, depict the verses from Book of Isaiah, chapter 11
- His home in Newtown, PA, is a national historic landmark
- New York (Met. Mus.)
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