Edward Hicks ~ Biography & Gallery

Header Painting: The Cornell Farm, (1848) by Edward Hicks
National Gallery of Art
© The Estate of Edward Hicks

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Edward Hicks ~ Biography

Known as: Folk and naïve (primitive) artist
Born: April 4, 1780, Attelborough (now Langhorne), Bucks, PA., US
Died: August 23, 1849, Newtown, PA.
Buried: Newtown

One of the reasons Edward Hicks is the most famous naive painter of the New World is that unlike many other painters of that period, he left behind a description of his life.

He worked as an apprentice to a wheelright between the ages of 13 and 20. Then, suddenly, and for reasons we know not what, he switched to painting for a living. Self-taught the rudiments of painting, he created his 'specialities': shop signs, signposts, carriages etc..

Hicks became a Quaker and a preacher after an illness. At the same time, to support himself, he continued his commercial painting.

In his memoirs, he reveals a close relationship between the spiritual world of Quakerism and his paintings.

Edward Hicks ~ Trivia

Edward Hicks painted around 122 pictures in all

The various versions of his most famous painting, Peaceable Kingdom, depict the verses from Book of Isaiah, chapter 11

His home in Newtown, PA, is a national historic landmark

He was born in Attleborough (now Langhorne), Pennsylvania, of old New England Puritan stock. His family's Tory connections led to trouble after the Revolutuionary War, and the boy was sent to live with the Twinings, a Quaker family. Later in life, Hicks became a Quaker minister. In 1803 he married Sarajh Worstall, and eight years later he settled in Newtown, Pennsylvania. He successfully combined his duties as a craftsman,an artist, and a preacher throughout the remainder of his life.
Source: The Folk Art Tradition: Naive Painting in Europe and the United States (direct link to book @ amazon.com.

He invested his Peaceful Kingdoms (below) with the full strength of his religious and nationalistic sentiment. The paintings, of which some sixty are currently thought to exist, illustrate Isaiah's prophecy that "the wolf also shall dwellw ith the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid...and a little child shall lead them." Because, to Hicks, the United States represented the full promise and realization of the prophecy, he added in the background a depiction of William Penn negotiating his peace with the Indians.
Source: The Folk Art Tradition: Naive Painting in Europe and the United States (direct link to book @ amazon.com.

Hicks apprenticed with a coachmaker, and when he set up his own shop he was competent to paint not only coaches, but signs, furniture, fireboards. and clocks. His earliest known Kingdom, dating from April, 1826, demonstrated the technical prowess he had garnered from his crafts training. By the time he completed his last renditions of the subject, his skills had grown to such an extent as to equal or surpass those of most academic painters.
Source: The Folk Art Tradition: Naive Painting in Europe and the United States (direct link to book @ amazon.com.

Eleanore Price Mather has shown that each of the separate elements which comprise the Kingdoms was copied from a printed source. The initial configuration of the child and animals was taken from Richard Westhall's engraving The Peachable Kingdom of the Branch. The natural bridge which appears in the background of the early Kingdoms was derived from a map of North America. Alater background depicting the Delware Water Gap came from an engraving by Asher B. Durand. The Penn treaty scene was copied from a print of Benjamin West's painting of the same subject.
Source: The Folk Art Tradition: Naive Painting in Europe and the United States (direct link to book @ amazon.com.

It was never Hick's intention to create an academic painting, but rather to give form to his vision...He transformed the printed images...From his first Kingdom to his last, he created masterpieces that outshine in freshness and in strength the academic works from which they are derived.
Source: The Folk Art Tradition: Naive Painting in Europe and the United States (direct link to book @ amazon.com.

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Edward Hicks ~ Selected Public Collections

Brooklyn
Buffalo
Newark
New York (Met. Mus.)

Edward Hicks ~ Gallery

edward hicks - peaceable kingdom (c. 1834)
Edward Hicks
Peaceable Kingdom, c. 1834
Edward Hicks Fine Art Prints @ amazon.com (direct link)
© Estate of Edward Hicks

edward hicks - the residence of david twining
Edward Hicks
The Residence of David Twining, 1845 - 1848
Edward Hicks Fine Art Prints @ amazon.com (direct link)
© Estate of Edward Hicks

edward hicks - noahs ark
Edward Hicks
Noahs Ark
Edward Hicks Fine Art Prints @ amazon.com (direct link)
© Estate of Edward Hicks

edward hicks - penn's treaty
Edward Hicks
Penn's Treaty
Edward Hicks Fine Art Prints @ amazon.com (direct link)
© Estate of Edward Hicks

edward hicks - the cornell farm
Edward Hicks
The Cornell Farm
Edward Hicks Fine Art Prints @ amazon.com (direct link)
© Estate of Edward Hicks

edward hicks - Peaceable Kingdom Fine Art Poster
Edward Hicks
Peaceable Kingdom
Edward Hicks Fine Art Prints @ amazon.com (direct link)
© Estate of Edward Hicks

Edward Hicks - Washington at the Delaware Fine Art Print
Edward Hicks
Washington at the Delaware
Edward Hicks Fine Art Prints @ amazon.com (direct link)
© Estate of Edward Hicks

Edward Hicks - Grave of William Penn at Jordans in England Fine Art Poster
Edward Hicks
Grave of William Penn at Jordans in England
Edward Hicks Fine Art Prints @ amazon.com (direct link)
© Estate of Edward Hicks

Edward Hicks - Andrew Jackson Fine Art Print
Edward Hicks
Andrew Jackson
Edward Hicks Fine Art Prints @ amazon.com (direct link)
© Estate of Edward Hicks

Edward Hicks - A May Morning View of the Farm and Stock of David Leedon Fine Art Poster
Edward Hicks
A May Morning View of the Farm and Stock of David Leedon
Edward Hicks Fine Art Prints @ amazon.com (direct link)
© Estate of Edward Hicks

Links

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Releases & Links

Edward Hicks Gallery here.

Buy Edward Hicks Treasures


The Peaceable Kingdom by Edward Hicks: 1000-piece puzzle [2012]

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