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      //Biog.//



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      //El Greco//



      • Known as: Spanish Renaissance painter, sculptor, and architect
      • Born: 1541, Crete
      • Birthname: Dominikos Theotokópulos
      • Date of death: April 7, 1614, Toledo, Spain



    • El Greco (the Greek) originally trained as a icon painter. In 1567 he travelled to Venice (Crete was then a Venetian possession) and may have trained under Titian (according to the miniaturist Giulio Clovio) and Tintoretto. Whatever the truth, he stayed in Venice for two years before journeying to Rome. There, he was influenced by Mannerism.

      At 36, he moved and settled in the then religious capital of Spain, Toledo (south of Madrid). Here he forged a successful career as a painter of altarpieces and portraits.


      Trivia:

      • Always signed his works in Greek characters. Sometimes followed the signature with Kres (Cretan)
      • Influenced by Michelangelo
      • Referred to in a Cretan document as a master painter in 1566
      • He was known for his audacious color palette and ecstatic, elongated figures


      Collections:

      • Madrid (Prado)
      • Toledo (The Greco Museum and House, The Museum of Santa Cruz)

      • New York (Metropolitan Museum of Art)
      • Washington D.C. (The National Gallery of Art)




      //Gallery//




      el greco / a nobleman with his hand on his chest, circa 1577-84 el greco / adoration of the shepherds, 1603-05 el greco / apostle st. james the greater el greco / assumption of the virgin, detail el greco / christ blessing el greco / christ clasping the cross
      el greco / christ driving moneychangers from temple el greco / christ driving the traders from the temple, circa 1600 el greco / christ in the garden of olives el greco / christ on the cross adored by two donors el greco / christ on the cross el greco / crucifixion
      el greco / fray hortensio felix paravicino el greco / jesus driving the merchants from the temple, 1610-14 el greco / laocoon el greco / madonna and child with st. agnes and st. martina el greco / mater dolorosa el greco / portrait of a man
      el greco / portrait of antonio de covarrubias y leiva canon of toledo cathedral, circa 1600 el greco / portrait of cardinal juan de tavera el greco / portrait of jorge manuel theotokopoulos, 1600-05 el greco / resurrection el greco / saint augustine of hippo (354-430) 1590 el greco / saint francis contemplating a skull with brother leo
      el greco / saint mary magdalene el greco / self portrait, detail from the burial of count orgaz, 1586-88 el greco / sts. john the evangelist and john the baptist, detail of the baptist, 1605-10 el greco / st. andrew el greco / st. dominic el greco / st. francis receiving the stigmata
      el greco / st. ildefonso 1605-1610 el greco / st. joseph and the christ child, 1597-99 el greco / st. jude thaddeus, 1606 el greco / st. louis (1215-70) and his page, circa 1585-90 el greco / st. luke el greco / st. martin and the beggar
      el greco / st. sebastian, circa 1600-25 el greco / st. dominic of guzman el greco / st. veronica with the holy shroud el greco / the adoration of the magi, 1567-70 el greco / the adoration of the shepherds, from the santo domingo el antiguo altarpiece, circa 1603-14 el greco / the agony in the garden
      el greco / the agony in the garden el greco / the annunciation, circa 1570-73 el greco / the annunciation el greco / the annunciation el greco / the assumption of the virgin el greco / the baptism of christ
      el greco / the burial of count orgaz, from a legend of 1323, 1586-88 el greco / the burial of count orgaz, from a legend of 1323, detail of a young page, st. etienne, 1586-88 el greco / the burial of count orgaz, from a legend of 1323, detail of the franciscans, 1586-88 el greco / the coronation of the virgin, circa 1591-92 el greco / the crucifixion, circa 1584-1600 el greco / the disrobing of christ (el espolio)
      el greco / the disrobing of christ, 1577-79 el greco / the holy family with st. elizabeth, 1580-85 el greco / the holy family el greco / the immaculate conception contemplated by st. john the evangelist el greco / the immaculate conception el greco / the last supper
      el greco / the last supper el greco / the martyrdom of st. maurice, 1580-83 el greco / the miracle of christ healing the blind el greco / the nativity, 1587-1614 el greco / the pentecost, circa 1604-14 el greco / the resurrection, detail from the altarpiece, 1577-79
      el greco / the tears of st. peter, late 1580s el greco / the trinity, 1577-79 el greco / the virgin mourning el greco / the vision of saint john el greco / the visitation el greco / via crucis
      el greco / view and map of the town of toledo, detail of angels el greco / view and map of the town of toledo el greco / view and map of the town of toledo el greco / view of toledo, 1597 el greco / virgin and child with ss. anne and joseph, 1587-96 el greco / virgin and child with ss. anne and joseph, 1587-96




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