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  • TERBRUGGHEN (PROPERLY, TER BRUGGHEN), Hendrick
    1588-1629






    Painter



  • Hendrick Terbrugghen was born in Utrecht and became a pupil of Bloemaert before going to Italy at an unknown date. He spent 'several years' in Rome, before leaving in 1615/6 and settling in Utrecht to become one of the leading members of the Utrecht School, together with Honthorst and Baburen.

    His style shows almost no influence of his master Bloemaert , and, strictly speaking, little of that of Caravaggio except in the predilection for strong contrasts of light and shadow - and even that disappears in his later works, for the Jacob and Laban (1628: London, NG) is painted in much lighter and clearer colours and looks forward to Vermeer, who also turned Caravaggismo upside down. Some of Terbrugghen's religious subjects are taken from Caravaggio - the Incredulity of St Thomas and the Calling of St Matthew are reworkings of Caravaggio themes - but the iconography of others goes back to such Northern artists as Durer. More typical works are nearer to Manfredi, e.g. the Lute Players and the harlot and the clown of the Duet and similar pictures.

    There are pictures by him in the Royal Coll. and in Amsterdam (Rijkmus.), Augsburg, Basle, Berlin, Bordeaux, Cambridge Mass. (Fogg), Cassel, Cologne, Copenhagen, Deventer (Town Hall), Edinburgh (NG), Gateshead, Gotha, Gothenburg, Greenville SC, Le Harve, London (NG), Malibu Cal., New York (Met. Mus.), Northampton Mass., Oberlin Ohio, Oxford, Paris (Louvre), Rome (Gall. Naz.), Sacramento Cal., Schwerin, Stockholm, Toledo Ohio, Utrecht and Vienna.

  • Source: The Penguin Dictionary of Art and Artists (Penguin Reference Books)





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