- SCOREL, Jan van
- Jan van Scorel was trained in Amsterdam but had gone to Utrecht by 1517. In 1519 he set off on a journey to Germany and went to Nuremberg and visited Durer, but, it seems, Durer was so preoccupied with Lutheranism that Scorel found him useless as a teacher. By 1520 he was in Carinthia, where he painted a triptych still in Obervellach parish church. He went on to Venice, where he was influenced by Giorgione and Palma Vecchio, and then on to Jerusalem with a pilgrimage (the only surviving record is a drawing in London (BM) of Bethlehem), returning to Venice in 1521 and going down to Rome where he had the good fortune to arrive in the Pontificate of Hadrian VI, the Utrecht Pope. He was appointed inspector of the Belvedere, painted the Pope, was made Canon of Utrecht, and was deeply influenced by Michelangelo and Raphael.
After Hadrien died Scorel went back to Utrecht (1524), and Haarlem, where M. van Heemskerck was his pupil in 1527. In 1540 he went to France and in 1550 restored the Ghent Altar. Many of his large religious works were destroyed by the Iconoclasts in the 16th century, but there are works in Haarlem and Utrecht (including group portraits of Pilgrims of Jerusalem), and in Amsterdam (Rijkmus.), Basle, Berlin, Birmingham, Bloomfield Hills Mich., Bonn, Breda, Brussels, Cassel, Detroit, Douai, Florence (Oitti), Lisbon, Oxford (CH. Ch.), Padua, Palermo, Rome (Gall. Naz., Spada), Rotterdam, Stuggart, Venice (Ca d;Oro), Vienna, Washington (NG) and York. His portrait by his pupil Mor hung over his tomb: it now belongs to the Society of Antiquaries in London.
- Source: The Penguin Dictionary of Art and Artists (Penguin Reference Books)
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