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      sibelius


      //biog.//
      JEAN SIBELIUS


      Sibelius was, arguably, the greatest classical composer of the 20th century. His brooding, magnificiently melancholic face mirrored his music which in turn mirrored the Finnish psyche. Later in life, his face looked as though it had been chiselled from Finnish granite and the freezing Finnish winters looked as though they had been chiselled from the music of Sibelius. That is how as one Finland and Sibelius were, and remain so to this day.

      He was born Johan Julius Christian Sibelius on December 8, 1865, into a Swedish-speaking family in Hämeenlinna in the Russian Grand Duchy of Finland.

      Though known as Janne to his family, he used the French form of the name, Jean, from his student years onwards. Due to his importance to Finnish culture and history, it is worth noting that his family had to make a conscious effort to send him to an important Finnish language school. He attended the Hämeenlinna Normal-lycée from 1876 to 1885.

      After graduating from high school in 1885, Sibelius started to study law at Aleksander's Imperial University in Helsinki. It was short-lived, for from 1885 to 1889, he studied music in Helsinki music school. One of his teachers there was Martin Wegelius. Sibelius continued studying in Berlin (from 1889 to 1890) and in Vienna (from 1890 to 1891).

      He married Aino Järnefelt at Maxmo on June 10, 1892. Jean and Aino Sibelius's home Ainola was completed at Lake Tuusula in 1903. They had six daughters , Eva, Ruth, Kirsti, Katarine, Margaret and Heidi. Sibelius gave up on composing in the late 1920s.

      Sibelius died of cerebral hemorrhage on September 20, 1957 in Ainola. He is buried at a garden in Ainola. Aino Sibelius lived on for 12 years after her husband's death. She died in Ainola on June 8 of 1969 and is buried at the same grave where Sibelius is buried. In 1972 Jean Sibelius's daughters, Eva, Ruth, Katarina, Margareta and Heidi, sold Ainola to the state. It was opened as a museum in 1974.



      sibelius



      //music//
      SELECTED WORKS


        1. Kullervo, Symphony for soprano, baritone, chorus and orchestra Op.7 (1892)
        2. En Saga, Tone Poem for orchestra Op.9 (1892)
        3. Karelia Overture for orchestra Op.10 (1893)
        4. Karelia Suite for orchestra Op.11 (1893)
        5. Rakastava (The Lover) for male voices and strings or strings and percussion Op.14 (1893/1911)
        6. Lemminkäinen Suite (Four Legends from the Kalevala) for orchestra Op.22 (1893)
        7. Skogsrået (The Wood Nymph), Tone Poem for orchestra Op.15 (1894)
        8. Vårsång for orchestra Op.16 (1894)
        9. Kung Kristian (King Christian), Suite from the incidental music for orchestra Op.27 (1898)
        10. Sandels, Improvisation for chorus and orchestra Op.28 (1898)
        11. Finlandia for orchestra and chorus (optional) Op.26 (1899)
        12. Snöfrid for reciter, chorus and orchestra Op.29 (1899)
        13. Tulen synty (The Origin of Fire) Op.32 (1902)
        14. Symphony no. 1 in E minor for orchestra Op.39 (1899/1900)
        15. Symphony no. 2 in D major for orchestra Op.43 (1902)
        16. Violin Concerto in D minor Op.47 (1903/1905)
        17. Kuolema ("Valse Triste" and "Scene with Cranes") for orchestra Op.44 (1904/1906)
        18. Dance Intermezzo for orchestra Op.45/2 (1904/1907)
        19. Pelléas et Mélisande, Incidental music/Suite for orchestra Op.46 (1905)
        20. Pohjolan tytär (Pohjola's Daughter), Tone Poem for orchestra Op.49 (1906)
        21. Symphony no. 3 in C major for orchestra Op.52 (1907)
        22. Svanevit (Swan-white), Suite from the incidental music for orchestra Op.54 (1908)
        23. Nightride and Sunrise, Tone Poem for orchestra Op.55 (1909)
        24. Dryadi (The Dryad) for orchestra Op.45/1 (1910)
        25. Two Pieces from Kuolema for orchestra Op.62 (1911)
        26. Symphony no. 4 in A minor for orchestra Op.63 (1911)
        27. Two Serenades for violin and orchestra Op.69 (1912)
        28. Barden (The Bard), Tone Poem for orchestra and harp Op.64 (1913/1914)
        29. Luonnotar, Tone Poem for soprano and orchestra Op.70 (1913)
        30. Aallottaret (The Oceanides), Tone Poem for orchestra Op.73 (1914)
        31. Symphony no. 5 in E flat major for orchestra Op.82 (1915, revised 1916 and 1919)
        32. Oma Maa (Our Fatherland) for chorus and orchestra Op.92 (1918)
        33. Jordens sång (Song of the Earth) for chorus and orchestra Op.93 (1919)
        34. Symphony no. 6 in D minor for orchestra Op.104 (1923)
        35. Symphony no. 7 in C major for orchestra Op.105 (1924)
        36. Stormen (The Tempest), Incidental music for soloists, chorus and orchestra Op.109 (1925)
        37. Väinön virsi (Väinö's song) for chorus and orchestra Op.110 (1926)
        38. Tapiola, Tone Poem for orchestra Op.112 (1926)
        39. Andante Festivo for string orchestra (1925/1930)

      sibelius

      //images//
      SIBELIUS



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      sibelius sibelius sibelius sibelius sibelius sibelius
      sibelius sibelius sibelius sibelius sibelius sibelius




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