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        [ m r k s h g l c v ]

    chagall chagall

    Marc Chagall, David et Bethsabee


    Dateline:

    CV

    1887

    Born July 7 in Vitebsk, Belorussia, into a Jewish working-class family

    1907

    Begins to study painting under Pen in Vitebsk

    1907

    Studies painting in St Petersburg, first at the Imperial Society for the Encouragement of the Arts, later at the School of Elizabeth Svanseva

    1909

    meets Bella Rosenfeld .

    1910

    Arrival in Paris and introduction into the city, and into a circle of contemporary poets and painters. He is patronised by Vinaver who offers him a subsidy for four years.

    1912

    Discovery of the Fauves and Cubists; is briefly touched by Futurism. Gets to know Braque, Picasso, Delaunay, Leger, Mar- coussis, Segonzac, Archipenko, Sterenberg, Soffici, and Modigliani. Has his first studio in Rue de la Ruche and meets the poets Cendrars and Apollinaire. Exhibits for the first time at the Independants.

    1914

    First solo show in Berlin, organised by Walden, he sets up home for some time in that city. Returns to Vitebsk at the outbreak of war.

    1915

    Marries Bella Rosenfeld and settles in Vitebsk.

    1916

    Birth of the daughter Ida.

    1918

    Is nominated Commissioner for Fine Arts in Vitebsk.

    1919

    Is nominated Director of the Vitebsk Academy of Arts, in which Malevich the Suprematist also teaches.

    1919

    Invites to job in Academy of Vitebsk M.Dobuzinsky, I.Puni,Y.Pen, A.Romm.

    1920

    Resigns from Directorship of the Academy and leaves for Moscow. Here he does stage decors and painted wall panels for the Jewish Theatre.

    1921

    Teaches painting to war orphans in a Moscow suburb.

    1922

    Writes My Life in French, assisted by Bella, making use of notes made earlier in Russia. Goes in Kaunas and then in Berlin when life in his own country becomes impossible after being told that he was not suited to politics and the realities of Marxist socialism.

    1923

    Returns to France and meets the publisher Vollard, through whom he receives commissions to illustrate various publications. He meets Eluard, Ernst and Gala who want him to join the Surrealist movement. He refuses.

    1924

    Illustrates Gogol's Dead Souls, which is not published until 1948.

    1926

    Again commissioned by Vollard, he starts a series of etchings for the Fables of La Fontaine, which were eventually published in 1952.

    1930

    Begins a more private domestic style of life, moving to Villa Montmorency, near the Porte d'Auteuil. Travels frequently to Switzerland to rediscover countryside like that of Russia.

    1931

    Begins etchings for the Bible, which were finally published in 1956, and is invited to Palestine where he goes to seek inspiration for his Bible illustrations.

    1939

    Receives the Carnegie Prize.

    1940

    Vollard dies. Chagall meets Teriade.

    1941

    Because of the war and racial discrimination he leaves France and embarks at Lisbon for the United States where he has been invited to settle.

    1942

    The beginning of his American stay. He travels to Mexico and prepares the scenery and costumes for Aleko.

    1944

    Bella dies. For nine months he does no work, occupying himself solely with bringing out Bella's writings under the title Lighted Lamps.

    1945

    Starts work again with scenery and costumes for Stravinsky's Firebird for presentation by the Ballet Theatre of New York.

    1946

    Selected exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, New York.

    1947

    Exhibition at the Musee National d'Art Moderne, Paris. First colour lithographs.

    1948

    Triumphant return to Paris. Renews contact with Teriade who from then on acts as his publisher.

    1950

    Settles in Vence, Provence. First attempts at painting and modelling ceramics.

    1951

    First stone sculptures. I952. Meets Valentine Brodsky (Vava) and marries her. Travels with her to Greece.

    1957

    Executes his first mosaics.

    1958

    Does scenery and costumes for the ballet Daphnis and Chloe for the Paris Opera.

    1960

    Completes the windows (lancets and roses) for the Gothic cathedral of Metz.

    1961

    Does the windows for Hadassah Synagogue, near Jerusalem.

    1963

    Supplies the cartoons and follows the working of his first tapestries which are to decorate the Parliament of Israel in Tel Aviv.

    1964

    At Malraux's invitation he paints the panels which are to be fixed to the Opera ceiling in Paris.

    1966

    Executes two huge panels for the Lincoln Centre, New York. Moves from Vence to St Paul de Vence where he still lives.

    1967

    Designs scenery and costumes for The Magic Flute. Has a vast exhibition at the Louvre.

    1969

    A comprehensive exhibition opens at the Petit Palais of all of Chagall's work: paintings, gouaches, sculpture, ceramics, stained glass, tapestries and sketches for theatrical scenery and costumes.

    1973

    Trip to Moscow and Leningrad. Exhibition in The State Tretyakov Gallery.

    1974

    Exhibition in Berlin. Executes a stained-glass window for a cathedral in Rheims.

    1975

    Illustrations to "Odissey" and lithographs to "Storm".

    1977

    It is awarded with an award of the Honourable Legion. Works above stained-glass windows for Art institute in Chicago.

    1978

    Exhibition in Palace Pitty in Florence. Executes stained-glass windows for churches in Florence and the Great Britain.

    1979

    Exhibition in gallery Pierre Matiss in New York and in Geneva.

    1980

    "Psalmy David's" exhibition in the Museum in Nice. Exhibition Graphics in Geneva.

    1981

    Exhibition in galleries Meg in Paris and Zurich. End of work on stained-glass windows of a cathedral in Sent-Atienn.

    1982

    Exhibitions in Stockholm and Denmark. An exhibition of the book in Geneva.

    1984

    Exhibition in Centre Pompidu in Paris. An exhibition of stained-glass windows and sculptures in the Museum to Nice. Exhibitions in Rome and Basel.

    1985

    March, 28 dies in Sen-Pol de Vence




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