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      //Biog.//


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      oskar kokoschka




      Oskar Kokoschka
      World War I
      1914



      //Biog.//
      OSKAR KOKOSCHKA


      • Occupation: Artist
      • Born: March 1, 1886
      • Place of birth: Pöchlarn, Austria
      • Date of death: February 22, 1980
      • Place of death: Montreux, Switzerland
      • Best known for: Expressionistic portraits and landscapes


    • Whenever I think of Oskar Kokoschka I can't help but put him in a kind of holy trinity with those two other Viennese gods of his youth, Egon Schiele and Gustav Klimt. And when I do that I invariably place him as a kind of poor man's relation. But he was so much more than that, and his legacy of work has truly stood the test of time.

      He was born March 1, 1886, in the Austrian town of Pöchlarn but spent most of his youth in Vienna. Around 1905 he entered the Kunstgewerbeschule and studied under Klimt. From 1905-09, he worked painting fans and postcards at the Wiener Werkstätte studios. In 1908 the studio published his first book of poetry. He also wrote plays in this period.

      When he exhibited in the Vienna Kunstschau in 1908 and was fiercely criticized, the Kunstgewerbeschule expelled him. His work though continued to be championed by the architect Adolf Loos.

      He had two solo shows in 1910, at the Galerie Paul Cassirer in Berlin, and at the Museum Folkwang in Essen. That same year, he became part of the Berlin 'Sturm' (The Storm) circle and contributed to Herwarth Walden’s periodical.

      Arond this time, Kokoschka had a turbulent love affair with Gustave Mahler's widow, Alma. The affair lasted two years.

      Before World War I, he split his time between Berlin and Vienna and concentrated on portraiture. When the war came, he volunteered to serve on the eastern front, where he was seriously wounded. The doctors decided that he was mentally unstable as well as physically wounded. Whether he was mentally ill or not, he was still recuperating some two years later when he he settled in Dresden. In 1919 he accepted a professorship at the Dresden Akademie, and the year before Paul Westheim’s comprehensive monograph on the artist was published. He was still only 32.

      However, his best years as an artist were to come. Whilst traveling extensively throughout the 1920s and 30s, he painted the landscapes he witnessed in the expressive way only he could. Thus, landscapes were set in Europe (1924-30), North Africa, and the Middle East.

      He returned to Vienna in 1931 but, the return was a short one because of the Nazis’ growing power, and he moved to Prague in 1935. Acquired Czechoslovak citizenship two years later and painted a portrait of Czechoslovakia’s president Thomas Garrigue Masaryk in 1936. In 1937, the Nazis condemned his work as “degenerate art” and removed it from public view.

      The artist fled to England in 1938 and remained there until 1952-53, becoming a British national in 1947. Exhibitions of his work included his first US solo show in New York in 1947, plus shows in Boston in 1948 and Munich in 1950. In 1953, he settled with his wife Olda Kokoschka in Villeneuve, near Geneva, and began teaching at the Internationale Sommer Akademie für Bildenden Künste, where he initiated his Schule des Sehens. He also created theatre sets for Salzburg and Vienna. In 1959 , he received the Rome Award in 1959 and the Erasmus Award in Copenhagen in 1960. The Tate Gallery, London held a retrospective of his work in 1962. It was only in the last years of his life that he regained Austrian citizenship.

      Kokoschka died on February 22, 1980, in Montreux, Switzerland. Seven years later, she established the Oskar Kokoscha Foundation at the Musée Jenisch in Vevey, Switzerland.


      Trivia:

      There is a blue plaque (the blue plaques scheme has been run by English Heritage since 1986) celebrating the fact of the great man living in London. It reads:

        KOKOSCHKA, Oskar (1886-1980),
        Painter, lived here.
        Eyre Court, Finchley Road, NW8
        Westminster 1986

      The actress Vivien Leigh also lived in this beautiful block of flats in the 1930s and is located on the opposite side of the road but close to St Johns Wood tube station (North West London). It is on the same side of the road as Lords cricket ground and is best viewed travelling upstairs on the 82 or 13 buses!

    • Short Biog.








      //Gallery//
      OSKAR KOKOSCHKA



      oskar kokoschka oskar kokoschka / bride of the wind oskar kokoschka / lovers with cat oskar kokoschka / im garten oskar kokoschka / polperro ii - cornwall oskar kokoschka / adolph loos
      oskar kokoschka / duomo_1948 oskar kokoschka / loreley  1941-2 oskar kokoschka / lotte franzos oskar kokoschka / the red egg oskar kokoschka / self portrait oskar kokoschka / self-portrait of a degenerate artist
      oskar kokoschka / mandrill oskar kokoschka / dresden neustadt oskar kokoschka / die baumwollpflueckerin oskar kokoschka / genfer see, 1959 oskar kokoschka / prag karlsbruecke oskar kokoschka / clown mit einem hund
      oskar kokoschka / dame mit -papagei oskar kokoschka / das maedchen li und ich oskar kokoschka / delphi oskar kokoschka / maedchen mit lamm von raeubern bedroht oskar kokoschka / prag von der villa kramar oskar kokoschka
      oskar kokoschka / tigerloewe oskar kokoschka / double portrait oskar kokoschka / montana lLandscape oskar kokoschka / children playing, 1909 oskar kokoschka / alma mahler, 1912 oskar kokoschka / franz hauer, 1913


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      //SHORT BIOG.//
      //OSKAR KOKOSCHKA SHOP//





      //Prints//
      OSKAR KOKOSCHKA




      VIEW OF PRAGUE ART PRINT


      GIRL AND LAMB WITH BANDITS ART PRINT


      COUPLE D'AMANTS ART PRINT


      NIEDER MIT DEM BOLSCHEWISMUS ART PRINT


      MONTANA LANDSCAPE ART PRINT


      THE TIGON ART PRINT


      LONDON TOWER BRIDGE ART PRINT


      DOUBLE PORTRAIT, C.1912-1913 ART PRINT


      PORTRAIT D'UNE JEUNE FILLE, C. 1913 ART PRINT


      VENICE, SANTA MARIA DELLA SALUTE



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