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      P i e t e r  B r u e g e l  T h e  E l d e r



      Title:   Misanthrop, c.1568 
Artist: Pieter Bruegel the Elder

    • PIETER BRUEGEL THE ELDER
      Misanthrop
      (c.1568)



      biography



    • BRUEGEL (Brueghel, Breughel), Pieter I
      (c.1525/30-69)



      Artist: Pieter Bruegel the Elder



      Painter

        The painter Pieter Breughel is mainly known as a chronicler of everyday life in the Flemish countryside with paintings such as Proverbs and Children's games, but Breughel's work has another side which reminds us of HiŽronymus Bosch (+1516).

      Like with all early artists the warning morality was a large factor. People felt they were surrounded by a hostile world filled with natural and human violence, epidemic diseases and other threats for which they had no other explanation but the hands of fate. It was left to artists and the clergy to show how destiny could be influenced favourably. Nevertheless, Breugel was light-hearted as well. He evoked a feeling of alienation by placing playful scenes before impressing and beautifully painted landscapes and with hilarious exaggeration "Pieter the funny one", as was his nickname, provoked laughter amongst his contemporaries.


    • Biog II:

        Pieter Bruegel the Elder, sometimes also called Peasant Bruegel, was the most important satirist in the Netherlands after Bosch and one of the greatest landscape painters.

      The date of his birth may be guessed at from the fact that he became Master in the Antwerp Guild in 1551: immediately after this he went to France and Italy (c.1552), travelling as far south as Sicily. He was in Rome in 1553 and returned over the Alps, probaly in 1554. The Alps, and to a lesser extent the scenery of Italy, made a deep impression on him, as may be seen from the drawings he made on the journey and also from the whole development of his landscape style. The art of Italy seems to have made little impact on him.

      On his return he began to make drawings for engravers, very much in the manner of Bosch and dealing with the same subjects. His earliest dated painting is of 1553, and in the last ten or twelve years of his life he produced the genre scenes and the religious subjects set in vast landscapes which are his finest works.

      The old nickname Peasant Bruegel is misleading if it is held to mean that he himself was a peasant: on the contrary, he was highly cultivated and is known to have enjoyed the friendship of humanists and the patronage of the Emperor's representative, Cardinal Granvelle. Later, many of his finest works belonged to the Emperor Rudolf II. His attitude, and that of his patrons, is hard to define since it is not simply condescending but seems to show a real interest in his portrayal of village customs coupled with a satirical approach to drunkenness, gluttony, and other sins of the flesh. Some pictures - for example the Massacre of the Innocents - have been held to be veiled allusions to the Spanish Fury and the subjection of the Netherlands in general, and it has also been suggested that Bruegel's move from Antwerp to Brussels c.1563 was due to his membership of a heretical sect and fear of persecution: yet he was certainly patronized by Cardinal Granvelle and Brussels was the centre of orthodoxy and of government.

      The great series of the Months (or Seasons) consists of five pictures (now in Vienna, Prague and New York), all but one dated 1565. They have no moral message comparable with his earlier works, such as the Fall of the Rebel Angels or the Dulle Griet, but they are among the great landscape paintings of the age, influenced by Patenier and even Titian, but surpassing both in their feeling for nature and the unity of man and his surroundings.

      The best collection of his works is in Vienna, but there are others in the Royal Coll. and in Antwerp (Mus. v.d. Bergh), Berlin, Madrid (Prado), Munich, Naples, New York (Frick Coll.), Paris (Louvre), Philadelphia, Rome (Doria), Rotterdam, St Petersburg, Upton House nr. Banbury (NT) and Washington (NG).

    • Source: The Penguin Dictionary of Art and Artists (Penguin Reference Books)

    • Further Reading: Biography IV


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      PIETER BRUEGEL
      Title:  Peasant and Birdnester, 1568 
Artist: Pieter Bruegel the Elder
      Peasant and Birdnester, 1568





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      PIETER BRUEGEL
      Title:  The little Tower of Babel, c.1563 
Artist: Pieter Bruegel the Elder
      The Little Tower of Babel
      (c.1563)




      Pieter Bruegel - The Tower of Babel. 1563. Oil on panel. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria. Pieter Bruegel the Elder. The Tower of Babel. Detail. 1563. Oil on panel. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria Pieter Bruegel the Elder. The Tower of Babel. Detail. 1563. Oil on panel. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria Pieter Bruegel the Elder. The Tower of Babel. Detail. 1563. Oil on panel. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria Pieter Bruegel - De toren van Babel Pieter Bruegel - The Fall of Icarus
      Pieter Bruegel - The Tower of Babel. 1563 The Peasant Dance
Pieter Bruegel, the Elder, 1568 Peasant Wedding
Pieter Bruegel, the Elder, 1568 Pieter Bruegel the Elder. Childrens Games Pieter Bruegel - Death Pieter Bruegel - Proverbs
      Pieter Bruegel - Rebel Angels Adoration, 
 Pieter Bruegel, the Elder Hunters in the Snow, Pieter Bruegel, the Elder, 1565 Title:  Conversion of St. Paul, 1567 
Artist: Pieter Bruegel the Elder Title:  The Kermesse of the Feast of St. George 
Artist: Pieter Bruegel the Elder Title:  The Fight Between Carnival and Lent 
Artist: Pieter Bruegel the Elder
      Title:  The Harvesters' Meal 
Artist: Pieter Bruegel the Elder Title:  Wedding Dance 
Artist: Pieter Bruegel the Elder Title:  Winter Landscape with Birdtrap 
Artist: Pieter Bruegel the Elder Title:  The Road to Calvary, 1564 
Artist: Pieter Bruegel the Elder Title:  The Census at Bethlehem 
Artist: Pieter Bruegel the Elder Title:  Landscape with Martydom of St. Catherine 
Artist: Pieter Bruegel the Elder
      Title:  Parable of the Blind, 1568 
Artist: Pieter Bruegel the Elder Title:  Dulle Griet (Mad Meg) 1564 
Artist: Pieter Bruegel the Elder Title:  Land of Cockaigne, 1567 
Artist: Pieter Bruegel the Elder Title:  The Adoration of the Kings, 1564 
Artist: Pieter Bruegel the Elder Title:  The Triumph of Death, circa 1562 
Artist: Pieter Bruegel the Elder Title:  Children's Games, Detail of Bottom Section Showing a Child and a Hobby-Horse, 1560 
Artist: Pieter Bruegel the Elder


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    • Pieter Bruegel
      The Triumph of Death
      Cotton Canvas Print



      PIETER BRUEGEL
      Title:  The Tower of Babel, c.1563 
Artist: Pieter Bruegel the Elder
      The Tower of Babel
      (c.1563)





      PIETER BRUEGEL
      Title:  The Procession to Calvary, Detail 
Artist: Pieter Bruegel the Elder
      The Procession to Calvary
      Detail





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      art PIETER BRUEGEL THE ELDER
      Fallen Angel with Clarion

      Sculpture

      Superb. Figure from The Fall of the Rebellious Angels, a captivating work created in 1562

      • Medium: Collectible quality resin with hand-painted color details, matte and glossy finish
      • Dimensions: 8.3 in. x 7.5 in. x 1.4 in.
      • Condition: New in box
      • Date of Creation: 1990-Now
      • Origin: Europe
      • Manufactured by: Parastone Mouseion

    • Included: Full color card with image of original artwork. Description card about artist and artwork. Both cards are in four languages.

      Beautifully rendered and constructed of fine collectible quality resin.

      Transforming himself into a gigantic insect this fallen angel appears to raise his formerly heavenly clarion for the very last time to let its sound fill the heavens above, where archangel Michael is still busy whacking his apostate colleagues into hell (see original picture).

      $129.99 US Dollars / £64.99 UK Sterling (Worldwide Postage Inclusive)

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      art PIETER BRUEGEL THE ELDER
      Monster with Knife

      Sculpture

      Superb. Figure from The Fall of the Rebellious Angels, a captivating work created in 1562

      • Medium: Collectible quality resin with hand-painted color details, matte and glossy finish
      • Dimensions: 9 in. x 3 in. x 3 in.
      • Condition: New in box
      • Date of Creation: 1990-Now
      • Origin: Europe
      • Manufactured by: Parastone Mouseion

    • Included: Full color card with image of original artwork. Description card about artist and artwork. Both cards are in four languages.

      Beautifully rendered and constructed of fine collectible quality resin.

      Amidst falling angels who have deteriorated into monsters and symbols of lust, unchastity and riotousness we find this dog-like creature, adorned with a showily turban. He too had been an angel once and his wreathed crown possibly refers to his haughty past, in which he chose to follow Lucifer in his ambition to take over God's place in heaven (see original picture) .

      $129.99 US Dollars / £64.99 UK Sterling (Worldwide Postage Inclusive)

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      art PIETER BRUEGEL THE ELDER
      Gatekeeper

      Sculpture

      Superb. Figure from The Fall of the Rebellious Angels, a captivating work created in 1562

      • Medium: Collectible quality resin with hand-painted color details, matte and glossy finish
      • Dimensions: 7.5 in. x 5 in. x 1.5 in.
      • Condition: New in box
      • Date of Creation: 1990-Now
      • Origin: Europe
      • Manufactured by: Parastone Mouseion

    • Included: Full color card with image of original artwork. Description card about artist and artwork. Both cards are in four languages.

      Beautifully rendered and constructed of fine collectible quality resin.

      Hovering and helmeted with a silly knot this keeper, holding a pitchfork, looks at archangel Michael conquering the rebellious angels and condemning them to eternal suffering in hell, by which their once so heavenly appearances decay into terrifying reptile-like monsters (see original picture) .

      $109.99 US Dollars / £54.99 UK Sterling (Worldwide Postage Inclusive)

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      art PIETER BRUEGEL THE ELDER
      Fallen Angel

      Sculpture

      Superb. Figure from The Fall of the Rebellious Angels, a captivating work created in 1562

      • Medium: Collectible quality resin with hand-painted color details, matte and glossy finish
      • Dimensions: 7 in. x 4 in. x 1.5 in.
      • Condition: New in box
      • Date of Creation: 1990-Now
      • Origin: Europe
      • Manufactured by: Parastone Mouseion

    • Included: Full color card with image of original artwork. Description card about artist and artwork. Both cards are in four languages.

      Beautifully rendered and constructed of fine collectible quality resin.

      Hovering but broken-winged with an insect-like abdomen, this fallen angel disappears into the underworld with a loud shriek. There he will undergo his punishment for being one of Lucifer's followers who haughtily thought he could dethrone the almighty God (see original picture).

      $89.99 US Dollars / £44.99 UK Sterling (Worldwide Postage Inclusive)

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