- PALMER, Samuel
- Samuel Palmer was a painter of pastoral landscape and the most important follower of Blake, whom he met in 1824. He was very precocious and exhibited at the RA from 1819. His 'Shoreham Period'(1826-c. 34) was the moment of perfect balance between inner and outer vision - a landscape charged with fecundity and Christian symbolism, expressed in terms of observed detail. Others influenced by Blake - they called themselves 'The Ancients' - included Palmer's life-long friend Calvert, the Varley brothers, and George Richmond.
This 'primitive and infantine feeling' (his own words) for landscape began to fade c.1832: in 1837 he married the daughter of John Linnell and visited Italy, and his son later wrote of these events: 'After the Shoreham and Italian periods, the whole of my father's life became a dreadful tragedy'; but this view is now regarded as a melodramatic overstatement. His early work has influenced many Romantic painters, e.g. Sutherland: examples are in London (BM, V&A, Tate, Courtauld Inst.), Cambridge, Cardiff, Manchester, Oxford, Philadelphia, Yale (CBA), and elsewhere.
In 1976 T. Keating claimed to have forged several Palmer drawings.
- Source: The Penguin Dictionary of Art and Artists (Penguin Reference Books)
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