STANLEY SPENCER
    Biography
    1891 - 1959

    Header Photo: Low resolution detail from Hilda and I at Pond Street (1954) by Sir Stanley Spencer. sold for £1,430,050 at auction at Sothebyís in London on December 15, 2010.

    © Estate of Sir Stanley Spencer.

    Biography   Gallery

    Stanley Spencer Postcards

    Stanley and Hilda Spencer Exhibition Catalogue (1978)

    Stanley Spencer Studio Sale (1998) - Christie's Auction Catalogue

    Stanley Spencer by Duncan Robinson Book

    Stanley Spencer & Others - Pictures @ Tate Britain

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    Spencer
    A  L I F E


    All images © Estate of Sir Stanley Spencer.

    Stanley Spencer exhibition posters, rare books @ ebay.co.uk (direct link to rarities) - just checked and a bigger selection than I have seen anywhere else




    stanley spencer complete catalogue book
    Stanley Spencer
    Complete Catalogue (Book) (2010)

    Available: ebay.co.uk (direct link to book)
    © Phaidon


    Biography [1891 - 1959]

    The central person in Stanley Spencer's life and art was his first wife, Hilda, mother of his two daughters.

    He first met her in the dining room of Richard Carline (author of Stanley Spencer at War Book @ ebay.co.uk (direct link to book)) at 47 Downshire Hill in December, 1915. He joined her on a visit to Seaford the following April and on a visit to the Balkans.

    After their marriage they lived in Hampstead Heath and moved to Burghclere in 1927, where they lived for four and a half years while Stanley worked on the series of War pictures for the Chapel specially built by Mr and Mrs Behrend.

    From Burghclere they moved to Lindworth, a large house and garden off Cookham High Street in December 1931.

    Patricia Preece was one of the visitors from Cooham who visited Spencer at the Chapel. He became infatuated with her and was honest about his infatuation with Hilda. After two acrimonious court cases over alimony, Hilda requested a divorce in 1937 so he could marry Patricia. They married in Maidenhead Registry Office on the 29th May 1937 though they never actually cohabited in the normal way

    He remained close to Hilda and asked to remarry her which she declined. His devotion to her never ceased. He was with her in hospital when she died in 1950.

    The Resurrection was painted in the Vale Hotel Studio, Hampstead Heath.

    Source: Stanley and Hilda Spencer Exhibition Catalogue (1978) by Richard Carline


    1891
    Stanley Spencer was born on June 30th at Cookham on Thames, Berkshire, the eighth surviving child of William Spencer, organist and piano teacher. Educated at a morning school run by his sisters. First painting lessons from artist and designer, Dorothy Bailey.

    1907
    Entered Maidenhead Technical Institute.

    1908-12
    Studied at the Slade School under Tonks, where his contemporaries included Christopher Nevinson, William Roberts, Mark Gertler, David Bomberg, Paul Nash and Edward Wadsworth. During this period he lived and painted at home. Awarded a scholarship, 1910; the Melville Nettleship Prize and the Composition Prize, 1912.

    1912
    Exhibited John Donne Arriving in Heaven and drawings in Robert Fry's Second Postimpressionist Exhibition at the Grafton Galleries.

    1915-18
    Enlisted in the Royal Army Medical Corps and was stationed in Beaufort War Hospital, Bristol, July 1915. Posted to Macedonia in August 1916 and served with the 68th, 66th and 143rd Field Ambulances until August 1917, when he volunteered and joined the 7th Battalion, the Royal Berkshires. Commissioned to paint an official war picture on his return to England in December 1918.

    1919
    Lived and worked in Cookham Member of the New English A, until 1927.

    1920-1
    Went to live with Sir Henry and Lady Slesser, at Bourne End, near Cookham. Stayed at Durweston Dorst, with Henry Lamb during the summer of l920.

    1920-2
    Lived with Muirhead Bone at Steep near Petersfield, Hamphire, and then at lodgings in Petersfield.

    1922
    Visited Yugoslavia with the Carlines during the summer. Moved to Hampstead in December.

    1923-4
    Enrolled at the Slade School for the spring term, 1923, then joined Henry Lamb at Poole, Dorset. Worked on a series of designs for the mural decoration of a chapel based on his experiences during the war. They were seen by Mr. and Mrs. J.L. Behrend, who decided to build a chapel at Burghclere, Berkshire. Returned to Hampstead, October 1923, where he used Henry Lamb's studio on the top floor of the Vale Hotel in the Vale of Health.

    1925
    Married Anne Hilda Carline at Wangford, near Southwold. A daughter, Shirin, born.

    1926-7
    Completed The Resurrection, Cookham in l926 and exhibited it in his first one-man show at Goupil Gallery, February-March 1927. It was purchased by the Duveen Paintings Fund for presentation to the Tate Gallery. Moved to Burghclere to decorate the Sandham Memorial Chapel.

    1930
    A second daughter, Unity, born.

    1932
    Completed the Memorial Chapel and moved from Burghclere to Lindworth, Cookham. Elected ARA and exhibited five paintings and five drawings at the Venice Biennale. In October Dudley Tooth became his sole agent.

    1933
    Invited to Sass Fee, Switzerland, by Edward Beddington-Behrens to paint landscapes. Sarah Tubb exhibited at the Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh (honorable mention).

    1935
    Resigned from the Royal Academy after the rejection of Saint Francis and the Birds and The Dustman or The Lovers by the hanging committee. Visited Zermatt, Switzerland, for a second time with Beddington-Behrens.

    1936
    One-man show, Arthur Tooth and Sons Ltd.

    1937
    Divorced by Hilda. Married Patricia Pearce, 29 May. Spent a month in St. Ives and also visited, and painted at, Southwold.

    1938
    Exhibited at the Venice Biennale. Stayed with the Rothensteins and Malcolm MacDonald until December, when he moved to a room at 188 Adelaide Road, London, Began the Christ in the Wilderness series.

    1939
    Exhibited at J. Leger and Son in March-April, moved to the White Hart Inn, Leonard Stanley, Gloucestershire, with George and Daphne Charlton, July 30.

    1940
    Commissioned to paint pictures of shipyards by the War Artist's Advisory Committee. Made the first of a series of visits to Lithgow's yard, Port Glasgow.

    1941
    Stayed with Mrs. Harter, Sydney Carline's mother in-law, at Epsom.

    1942-4
    Returned to Cookham, January 7, as the tenant of his cousin, Bernard Smithers, with whom he stayed until May 1944. Continued to visit Port Glasgow where he stayed at the Glencairn boardinghouse. Continued to work on Shipbuilding on the Clyde. Began The Resurrection, Port Glasgow series on which he worked until 1950.

    1945
    September returned to Cookham to Cliveden View.

    1947
    Retrospective exhibition, Temple Newsam, Leeds. The Chapel at Burghclere was presented to the National Trust by Mr. And Mrs. J.L. Behrend.

    1950
    Created CBE. Rejoined the Royal Academy and elected RA. Hilda Spencer died in November.

    1954
    Visited China as a member of a cultural delegation.

    1955
    November-December, retrospect exhibition at the Tate Gallery.

    1958
    Knighted, Hon. D. Litt, Southam and Associate of the Royal Collection Art.

    1959
    December 14, Stanley Spencer died at the Canadian War Memorial Hospital, Cliveden

    Essential Further Reading: Stanley Spencer and the English Garden (direct link to book @ ebay.co.uk)




    Gallery
    I M A G E S


    sir stanley spencer self portrait
    Stanley Spencer
    Self-Portrait (1914)

    Oil on canvas (24 3/4 x 20 1/8")
    © Estate of Sir Stanley Spencer


    sir stanley spencer self portrait
    Stanley Spencer
    Self-Portrait (1959)

    Oil on canvas (20" x 16")

    Five months from his death. 180 days before you die I would have called it as he knew he was passing, sooner rather than later, from inoperable cancer.
    © Estate of Sir Stanley Spencer


    Sir Stanley Spencer The Resurrection, Cookham
    Stanley Spencer
    The Resurrection, Cookham (1924-7)

    Oil paint on canvas (2743 x 5486 mm)

    This is probaly the best reason to visit Tate Britain as you can view its majestic hugeness there. See more at a Walk Around Tate Britain's Halls


    Sir Stanley Spencer The Resurrection, Cookham
    Stanley Spencer
    The Resurrection, Cookham (Detail) (1924-7)

    Oil paint on canvas (2743 x 5486 mm)

    This is probaly the best reason to visit Tate Britain as you can view its majestic hugeness there. See more at a Walk Around Tate Britain's Halls


    Sir Stanley Spencer St Francis and the Birds
    Stanley Spencer
    St Francis and the Birds (1935)

    Oil paint on canvas (660 x 584 mm)

    Another reason to visit Tate Britain as i's housed there. See more at a Walk Around Tate Britain's Halls
    © Estate of Sir Stanley Spencer


    Sir Stanley Spencer Self-portrait with Patricia Preece
    Stanley Spencer
    Self-portrait with Patricia Preece (1937)

    Oil on canvas (91.2cm x 61.0cm)
    © Estate of Sir Stanley Spencer


    Sir Stanley Spencer A View of the Thames from Cockmarsh Hill, Cookham
    Stanley Spencer
    A View of the Thames from Cockmarsh Hill, Cookham (1935)

    Oil on canvas (71.1 x 91.4 cm)
    © Estate of Sir Stanley Spencer


    Sir Stanley Spencer Apple Gatherers
    Stanley Spencer
    Apple Gatherers (1912Ė3)

    Oil paint on canvas (714 x 924 mm)

    Another reason to visit Tate Britain as it is there, waiting for you to discover. See more at a Walk Around Tate Britain's Halls
    © Estate of Sir Stanley Spencer


    Sir Stanley Spencer Zacharias and Elizabeth
    Stanley Spencer
    Zacharias and Elizabeth (1913-4)

    Oil paint and graphite on canvas (1426 x 1428 x 24 mm)

    Another reason to visit Tate Britain as it is there, waiting for you to discover. See more at a Walk Around Tate Britain's Halls
    © Estate of Sir Stanley Spencer


    Sir Stanley Spencer The Centurionís Servant
    Stanley Spencer
    The Centurionís Servant (1914)

    Oil paint on canvas (1143 x 1143 mmm)

    Another reason to visit Tate Britain as it is there, waiting for you to discover. See more at a Walk Around Tate Britain's Halls
    © Estate of Sir Stanley Spencer


    Sir Stanley Spencer Hilda and I at Burghclere
    Stanley Spencer
    Hilda and I at Burghclere (1955)

    Between 1939 and 1949 Spencer filled four scrapbooks with about one hundred and fifty designs. They are largely a record of his private life... Not all the scenes were contemporary. Some of them re-create events from earlier years, notably his life with Hilda (his first wife who divorced him in 1937 and died in 1950) at Burghclere. This painting was taken from one of the drawings from volume 1 of the scrapbooks which was in use from 1939 to 1943... Apart from Stanley himself, the person most frequently seen in the Scrapbooks is Hilda. All the drawings were made after their divorce, but Stanley found her a compelling subject for both drawing and painting right until the end of his life.
    © Estate of Sir Stanley Spencer

    Source: Stanley and Hilda Spencer Exhibition Catalogue (1978)

    Recommended Further Reading: Scrapbook drawings of Stanley Spencer Book @ ebay.co.uk (direct link to book)


    Sir Stanley Spencer Going to Bed
    Stanley Spencer
    Going to Bed (1936) (low quality detail, b/w)

    Oil on canvas (30 x 20in)
    Signed with initials and dated

    Reproduced: E. Rothenstein, op. cit., 1945, pl 44

    There are two drawings of this work also. A large drawing was exhibited at the Stanley Spencer Gallery in 1962. All three works depict the artist with his wife and two daughters.

    Private Collection
    © Estate of Sir Stanley Spencer

    Source: Stanley and Hilda Spencer Exhibition Catalogue (1978)




    Stanley Spencer More

    Stanley Spencer exhibition posters, rare books @ ebay.com (direct link to rarities) - just checked and a bigger selection than I have seen anywhere else




    Sir Stanley Spencer

    Biography   Gallery

    Stanley Spencer Postcards

    Stanley and Hilda Spencer Exhibition Catalogue (1978)

    Stanley Spencer Studio Sale (1998) - Christie's Auction Catalogue

    Stanley Spencer by Duncan Robinson Book

    Stanley Spencer & Others - Pictures @ Tate Britain

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