T H E  B A U H A U S
D E S C R I P T I O N


    • {The Bauhaus}

        This was the most famous school of architecture, design and craftsmanship of modern times, and has had an inestimable influence on art school training all over the world. It was founded in 1919 at Weimar, in Germany, by the architect W. Gropius. It moved to Dessau in 1925 and then to Berlin, where, in 1933, it was closed by the Nazis. Its great importance lay in the fact that its teachers included Albers, Feininger, Klee and Kandinsky, and it attempted to face the problem of machine production, which Morris had evaded. The influence of Doesburg, De Stijl, and Schlemmer may be seen in this. The New Bauhaus was at Chicago, opened by Moholy-Nagy in 1937.

    • Source: The Penguin Dictionary of Art and Artists (Penguin Reference Books)


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Updated: 2006